Return to Curriculum


The school follows the National Curriculum for History, which aims to provide a high-quality history education helping pupils gain a coherent knowledge and understanding of Britain’s past and that of the wider world.

“History helps pupils to understand the complexity of people’s lives, the process of change, the diversity of societies and relationships between different groups, as well as their own identity and the challenges of their time.

History helps pupils to understand the complexity of people’s lives, the process of change, the diversity of societies and relationships between different groups, as well as their own identity and the challenges of their time.”

Department for Education

In the Early Years Foundation Stage children begin to learn that as they grow up they are increasingly able to achieve and do more things for themselves independently. This emerging knowledge and understanding can be used to explore crucial early historical skills.

In our school, the children are prompted to think about themselves and how they have changed since they were a baby. Answering questions such as, what can I now do for myself? As well as considering what they do in a day such as sleep, eat, play etc.

The children also look at the relevance of different clothing throughout the year and start to consider the idea of time and the changing and repeating of seasons and why we change and wear different clothes at different times e.g. sandals and socks, coats and wellies.

The children also look at a number of annual celebrations including their birthdays and religious events. Briefly exploring the origins of these events when possible.

In Key Stage 1, the children are introduced to the subject of history by considering changes that have happened within living memory. These lessons are used to reveal aspects of change within national life, including but not exclusive to ‘Toys’ and the ‘Seaside’.

The children progress to learning about events, which are beyond living memory, and concentrating on key dates and events both nationally and globally e.g. 1666 the Great Fire of London.

Within this subject, the children will also look at the lives of significant and substantial individuals who have contributed to national and international achievements. These include Christopher Columbus, Neil Armstrong and Edith Cavell. The children will draw on this knowledge to make comparisons and discuss the aspects of different periods in time.

In the Lower Key Stage 2 classes, the History lessons build upon the basic skills learnt in Key Stage 1 and extend the children’s use of historical vocabulary and understanding of chronological order.

The junior children study the changes in Britain starting at the Stone Age and working up to the Iron Age. These studies include looking at the skills and tools of hunter-gatherers through to tribal kingdoms and hill forts.

The lower key stage 2 classes also focus on Ancient Egypt, as one of the earliest civilisations and draw comparisons and differences between then and now. The children carry out research, in order to look at the Ancient Egyptian’s achievements as well as an overview of where and when this civilisation thrived. These studies are supported by a day’s workshop in which the children immerse themselves in the lives of the Ancient Egyptians completing the roles of the time and reinforcing their views of this era.

The in the lower key stage 2 children also study the Roman Empire and the Anglo Saxons in relation to their impact upon the British. Within the Roman learning, the children will become aware of the Roman Empire and its impact on Britain including the Romanisation of Britain and the Roman aspects that have survived through to today. The children will also learn about the life and impact of Boudicca as well as Julius Caesar’s attempted invasion.

Within the Anglo Saxon lessons, the children will focus on the invasions, settlements and kingdoms of the Anglo Saxons within Britain. The children also engage and produce Anglo Saxon art, as well as learning about their culture and beliefs.

The Upper Key Stage 2 children experience a wide range of historical topics including:

The Ancient Greeks; The Vikings; a study in to the development and tourism of Clacton, as a local study; The Victorians; World War 1 and 2; a study in to Pompeii and the eruption of Mount Vesuvius; The Maya and social change in the 21st century, including the civil rights within America.

These studies are supported by workshops and first-hand experience of handling Victorian objects supplied by: Epping Forest District Museum Education Service as well as a trip to Clacton to experience the growth of the area as well as looking at how the community has developed over time.

Within the Upper Key Stage, the children are able to access a vast range of resources including using books; the internet; film clips; direct sources such as letters, relatives and objects from the era of study. The children are encouraged to challenge sources of information as well as to identify similarities and differences throughout history, beginning to identify trends over time.